7.62x54R Ammo

7.62x54R Ammo: In Depth

The 7.62x54mmR cartridge, also known as 7.62x54R, is one of the longest-serving military cartridges in the world. Developed in the late 19th century by the Russian Empire, it has seen use through numerous conflicts and remains in service today. Known for its powerful performance and versatility, the 7.62x54mmR is widely used in military, hunting, and sporting applications.

History and Development

The 7.62x54mmR cartridge was developed in 1891 by the Russian Empire for use in the Mosin-Nagant rifle, which became the standard infantry rifle for the Russian and later Soviet armies. The "R" in 7.62x54mmR stands for "rimmed," indicating the design of the cartridge's base.

Throughout its history, the 7.62x54mmR has been used in various conflicts, including both World Wars, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and numerous other regional conflicts. Its longevity and continued use are testaments to its effective design and reliable performance.


The 7.62x54mmR is renowned for its powerful ballistic performance. It typically fires a bullet weighing between 148 and 203 grains at velocities ranging from 2,600 to 2,800 feet per second (fps). This results in a flat trajectory, significant stopping power, and excellent long-range capabilities.

The cartridge's recoil is substantial but manageable, especially in the context of its high-energy output. It is known for its accuracy, particularly in bolt-action rifles like the Mosin-Nagant, and offers a combination of power, range, and precision that makes it suitable for various applications.


The 7.62x54mmR cartridge is used in several capacities:

  1. Military: Historically used by the Russian and Soviet militaries, and still in service in many countries, particularly in sniper rifles and machine guns.
  2. Hunting: Popular among hunters for its ability to take down large game such as deer, elk, and bear.
  3. Target Shooting: Favored by long-range shooters and enthusiasts of military surplus rifles for its accuracy and historical significance.
  4. Collectors: Widely collected due to its historical importance and the variety of firearms chambered for it.

Available Firearms

Several types of firearms are chambered in 7.62x54mmR, including:

  1. Mosin-Nagant Rifles: The original platform for this cartridge, available in various models and highly prized by collectors.
  2. Dragunov SVD: A semi-automatic sniper rifle used by the Soviet and Russian military.
  3. PSL Rifle: A Romanian sniper rifle resembling the Dragunov.
  4. PKM Machine Gun: A general-purpose machine gun still in use by various military forces.

Available Ammunition

The 7.62x54mmR is available in various types and from numerous manufacturers:

  1. Wolf Performance Ammunition: Offers affordable and reliable FMJ rounds.
  2. Prvi Partizan (PPU): Provides a range of bullet types including FMJ, soft point (SP), and match-grade options.
  3. Sellier & Bellot: Known for high-quality FMJ rounds, suitable for both target shooting and hunting.

Typical bullet weights range from 148 to 203 grains, with velocities between 2,600 and 2,800 fps. Full metal jacket (FMJ) rounds are common for military surplus and target shooting, while soft point (SP) and hollow point (HP) rounds are preferred for hunting.


When compared to other calibers, the 7.62x54mmR stands out for its power and versatility:

  • .30-06 Springfield: Similar in terms of power and versatility, but the 7.62x54mmR has a rimmed design which can affect feeding in some rifles.
  • 7.62x51mm NATO (.308 Winchester): The 7.62x54mmR generally offers slightly more power and range, but the 7.62x51mm NATO is more widely used in modern firearms.
  • .303 British: Both are rimmed cartridges with a long service history, but the 7.62x54mmR generally has higher velocity and better long-range performance.

7.62x54R Ammo FAQ:

Yes, the 7.62x54mmR is still in use by various military forces, particularly in sniper rifles and machine guns.

Yes, it is popular for hunting large game due to its power and effective range.

The recoil is significant but manageable, especially in heavier, bolt-action rifles.

Yes, it is widely available, particularly due to the large quantities of surplus ammunition and continued production by several manufacturers.